Below-knee home exercises

Tom Williams /

Your body may be different to before but it is still invaluable, even with the changes you have gone through. Be proud of what your body has survived and take good care of it.

How you position your stump matters 

If you have an above-knee amputation keep your hip straight so that your thigh muscles don’t become tight which will draw the stump upwards.

Good position

Bad position

If you have a below knee amputation keep your hip and knee straight when possible. This will stop the muscles tightening, drawing the lower part of the leg back and reducing your movement.

Good position
Bad position

It is important to stay active so doing special exercises can really help you to stay strong and keep on moving around. Get people in your household to learn the exercises too, they can join in as well as checking you are doing them correctly.

Exercises to do if you have an below-knee amputation

Groin Extension

Lie on your back with your leg bent and your stump straight. Straighten the knee on the stump side as much as possible by pushing down into the bed and tightening the muscles on top of the thigh.

Hold for 5 seconds.


Single-Leg Raises

Lie on your back with your leg bent and your stump straight. Straighten the knee on the stump side as much as possible, then raise your leg off the bed approximately 2 inches.

Hold for 5 seconds.


Raised Hip Flexes

Lie on your back with a firm roll under your knees. Push down into the roll and lift your hips off the bed.

Hold for 5 seconds.


Raised Knee Extensions

Lie on your back with a firm roll under your knees. Straighten each knee, one at a time.

Hold for 5 seconds.


Side Leg Raises

Lie on your side so that your stump is stacked on top of your other leg. Bend your bottom leg. Lift your stump up, keeping your knee straight and your back leg in line with your body.

Hold for 5 seconds.


Rear Leg Raises

Lie on your stomach. Lift each leg, one at a time, off the bed, keeping your knees straight. Do not lift your hips.

Hold for 5 seconds.


Knee Extensions

Lie on your stomach. Bend each knee, one at a time. 

Hold for 5 seconds.


Sitting Hip Extensions

Sit on a firm chair with your hands beside you. Push down through your arms and lift your hips off the chair. 

Hold for 5 seconds.