Below-knee home exercises

Rich Ball / Care example 1, Care example 2, Self Care

Your body may be different to before but it is still invaluable, even with the changes you have gone through. Be proud of what your body has survived and take good care of it.

How you position your stump matters 

If you have had an above-knee amputation it is important to stretch the muscles at the front of your hip to prevent them from becoming tight. Lying on your front regularly can help to do this. Keep your hip straight and flat on the bed.

Good position

Bad position

If you have a below knee amputation keep your hip and knee straight when possible. This will stop the muscles tightening at the back of the knee, causing your knee to bend and reducing your movement

Good position
Bad position

It is important to stay active so doing exercises can help to keep you strong and moving around. Get people in your household to learn the exercises too, they can join in as well as checking you are doing them correctly.

Exercises to do if you have had a below-knee amputation

Knee extension

Lie on your back with your leg bent and your stump straight. Straighten the knee on the stump side as much as possible by pushing down into the bed and tightening the muscles on top of the thigh.

Hold for 5 seconds. Repeat 10 times.


Straight-leg raises

Lie on your back with your sound leg bent and your altered limb straight. Straighten the knee on your residual limb as much as possible, then raise your leg off the bed.

Hold for 5 seconds. Repeat 10 times.


Bridging

Bend your sound leg and lift your bottom up. You may need a support under your altered limb to begin with. Try and keep your hips level.

Hold position at the top for 5 seconds then lower

Repeat 10 times


Raised knee extensions

Lie on your back with a firm roll under your knees. Straighten each knee, one at a time.

Hold for 5 seconds. Repeat 10 times


Hip abduction

Lying on your side, keep your hips level with your upper body. Lift your altered limb upwards and slowly lower.

Hold for 5 seconds. Repeat with sound leg.


Hip extension

Lie on your front.

Hold the limb elevated for 10 seconds, lower slowly. For below-knee amputees keep the knee straight through the movement.

Hold for 5 seconds. Repeat 10 times


Knee extensions

Lie on your stomach. Bend each knee, one at a time. 

Hold for 5 seconds. Repeat 10 times


Chair push-ups

Sit on a firm chair with your hands beside you. Push down through your arms and lift your hips off the chair. 

Hold for 5 seconds. Slowly lower.